Indoor gardening OR Gardening has always been a popular pastime. It provides great satisfaction, helps relieve stress, and offers an excellent opportunity to exercise daily. Whether you grow flowers, herbs, fruits, or vegetables, your joy will know no bounds when you see your beautiful plants growing before your very eyes. Besides beautifying your home, you … Read more

Career in Blogging – ब्लॉगिंग में करियर कैसे बनाये?

इंटरनेट पर 1.94 बिलियन से अधिक वेबसाइट हैं। इंटरनेट पर एक बिलियन से अधिक लोग हैं। यह इस दुनिया में हर सात लोगों के लिए लगभग एक ब्लॉग है। चार मिलियन से अधिक ब्लॉग पोस्ट हैं जो हर दिन प्रकाशित हो रहे हैं। हाय, सब लोग, मैं नील पटेल हूं। और आज, मैं सवाल करने … Read more

River map of india – geographical map of India | India river map

India is home to so many rivers which includes among the largest rivers of the world. Indian rivers are both perennial as well as seasonal in nurture. northern rivers have a constant source of water from the Himalayas and thus flow through out year whereas southern rivers are seasonal in nurture and flow during the … Read more


PAPER I 1. Non-chordata and Chordata : (a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry. (b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General features and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis. Plasmodium and Leishmania. (c) Porifera: Skeleton, canal … Read more


PAPER I 1. Probability : Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function. distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation and moments … Read more


PAPER I FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY 1. Sociology – The Discipline: (a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of Sociology. (b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. (c) Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: (a) Science, scientific method and critique. (b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology. (c) … Read more


PAPER I Administration Theory 1. Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, Wilson’s vision of Public Administration, Evolution of the discipline and its present status. New Public Administration, Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management. 2. Administrative Thought : Scientific Management and Scientific Management … Read more


PAPER I Foundations of Psychology 1. Introduction : Definition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st centrury; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems. 2. Methods of Psychology : Types of research : Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; … Read more


PAPER I Political Theory and Indian Politics : 1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches. 2. Theories of state : Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluiralist, post-colonial and Feminist. 3. Justice : Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques. 4. Equality : Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and … Read more